This is the 91st sculpture registered in the archaeological zone of Izapa, one of the pre Hispanic sites in Chiapas that holds the most quantity of discovered monuments –284 up to now–, between which are sculptures, altars, thrones and steles. Some of these monoliths are plain and others have engravings that have been classified by experts as extraordinary by the quantity of strokes and their iconographic richness.
Captured in Izapa’s monuments is the world view of the people that built this city approximately 2,500 – 2,000 years ago, possibly of mixe-zoque relations, predecessors to Mayan culture; some images refer to diverse myths that are narrated in the Popol Vuh, the sacred book of the Mayans.
Emiliano Gallaga Murrieta, director of the INAH-Chiapas center, reported that the new monument is 1.38 meters large (4.53 feet) by 87 centimeters (2.8 feet) tall and 52 centimeters (1.7 feet) wide, “only one of his faces is engraved with the features of a jaguar, with both the front and back legs bent as if it were lying down”.
The archaeologist emphasized that this piece not only increases the archaeological riches of Izapa, but it also reiterates the importance of said animal in the ritual beliefs of Mesoamerican cultures. Also, it shows the sensibility of Izapa’s people to embody concepts onto stone.
He also elaborated on the fact that this bulk sculpture was probably in the process of being made since the rest of the stone is plain. “The Izapa sculptures were made with stones because there were no metals in that epoch, and in some cases the natives would use jade chisels. Given the characteristics of the monuments and the material that was used, we estimate it must be about two thousand years old”.